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Simple Furnace Fixes

If your furnace quits or breaks down try these eight simple solutions before you call for service help. You can solve the problem and avoid a $200 service call.

  • Solution 1: Check the thermostat to make sure it’s on
  • Solution 2: Check shutoff switches and breakers
  • Solution 3: Change filters
  • Solution 4: Make sure the gas is on
  • Solution 5: Make sure the chimney exhaust flue is clear
  • Solution 6: Flush out drain lines
  • Solution 7: Look for blocked or leaky ducts that can restrict airflow
  • Solution 8: Clean away leaves and debris from heat pumps or intake and exhaust vents.

Solution 1: Check the thermostat to make sure it’s on

Move the thermostat setting to “heat.”
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Thermostat controls

Move the thermostat setting to “heat.”

A furnace can be intimidating—especially when it’s not working. However, there is good news from furnace repair pros. Roughly a quarter of all service calls could be avoided with easy fixes that cost little or nothing. In this article, we’ll focus on the common culprits and show you what to do about them.

Before you assume you have a furnace problem, check the thermostat to make sure it’s actually telling the furnace to come on. Thermostats, especially programmable ones, cann be complicated, and the more options a thermostat has, the more that can go wrong.

  • Make sure the switch is on “Heat” rather than on “Cool.”
  • Check the temperature setting.
  • Compare the temperature setting to the room temperature. Set the temperature five degrees higher than the room temperature and see if the furnace kicks on.
  • Make sure the program is displaying the right day and time, as well as a.m. and p.m. settings.
  • Trace the thermostat wires back to the furnace to check for breaks, especially if you’ve done any remodeling recently. If you find a break in one of the thin wires, splice the line back together and wrap it with electrical tape.
  • Replace the battery. If you have a power outage with a dead battery, you’ll lose your settings and the thermostat will revert to the default program.
  • Open the thermostat and gently blow out any dust or debris. Make sure it’s level and firmly attached on the wall, and that none of the wires coming into it are loose.
  • If you can’t make the program settings work, you can bypass them altogether. Simply punch in the temperature you want with the up/down control and then press the hold button. That will switch on the furnace if the thermostat programming is the problem.

Tip: Lost your owner’s manual? Most major-brand manuals are on the Web—just go to the manufacturer’s Web site.

Furnace trouble spots

Furnace trouble spots

High efficiency furnace trouble spots

High efficiency furnace trouble spots

Figure A: 8 Things to Check Before You Call a Repair Service

You can check and correct all eight items in just a few minutes. We show a gas-fired, forced-air furnace here, but most of the same checks apply to electric systems and hot water boilers.

Note: You can download Figure A and enlarge it in Additional Information below.

Solution 2: Check shutoff switches and breakers

It sounds unbelievable, but furnace technicians often find that the only “repair” a furnace needs is to be turned on. Look for a standard wall switch on or near the furnace—all furnaces, no matter what age or type, have one somewhere. Check the circuit breaker or fuse for the furnace as well. Make sure the front panel covering the blower motor is securely fastened—there’s a push-in switch under it that must be fully depressed for the furnace to operate.

Solution 3: Change filters

A clogged furnace filter can cause a furnace to shut off.
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Furnace filters

A clogged furnace filter can cause a furnace to shut off.

Dirty filters are the most common cause of furnace problems. Dust and dirt restrict airflow—and if the filter gets too clogged, the heat exchanger will overheat and shut off too quickly, and your house won’t warm up. If the blower is running but no heat is coming out, replace the filter. A dirty filter also causes soot buildup on the heat exchanger, reducing the efficiency of the furnace and shortening its life.

The owner’s manual shows where the filter is and how to remove it. Change inexpensive flat filters at least once a month. Make sure that the arrow points toward the furnace. Inspect pleated filters once a month. Hold them up to the light and if you can’t see the light clearly through them, replace them. Manufacturers say pleated filters are good for three months, but change them more frequently if you have pets, kids or generate lots of dust.

CAUTION!

Always turn off the shutoff switch (see Solution 2) and turn the thermostat off or all the way down before changing the filter or working on the thermostat or furnace.

Solution 4: Make sure the gas is on

Just as with switches, someone may have turned off a gas valve and then forgotten to turn it back on. Trace the gas line back from the furnace to the meter, and if you see a handle that’s perpendicular to the gas pipe, turn it so it’s parallel. If you have an old furnace or boiler, you may have a pilot light. Remove the front panel and the burner cover and check to make sure it’s lit.

Solution 5: Make sure the chimney exhaust flue is clear

Drawn by the warmth, birds sometimes fall into the chimney exhaust flue. Turn the furnace off and the thermostat all the way down, then dismantle the duct where it exits the furnace and check for debris. Be sure to reassemble the sections in the same order and direction that you took them out.

Solution 6: Flush out drain lines

High-efficiency furnaces can drain off several gallons of water a day in heating season. If the drain lines become restricted by sediment or mold growth, the furnace will shut down. If the drain hose looks dirty, remove the hose, fill it with a mixture of bleach and water (25 percent bleach), then flush it after several minutes.

Solution 7: Look for blocked or leaky ducts that can restrict airflow

If your furnace comes on but one or two rooms are cold, first make sure all the room registers are open. Then examine any ductwork you can get access to and look for gaps between sections or branching points. Seal any gaps between sections of duct with special metal duct tape. Don’t use standard cloth duct tape—it quickly deteriorates, and it may also cause ducts to leak if it was used to seal sections in the past.

Also check for handles protruding from the ductwork. These are dampers or air conditioner bypasses—make sure they’re open.

Solution 8: Clean away leaves and debris from heat pumps or intake and exhaust vents.

If you have a furnace that vents out the side of the house, make sure nothing is blocking the intake or exhaust. If either of the pipes is covered with screen mesh (like window screen), replace it with 1/2-in.-mesh hardware cloth. If ice is clogging one of the pipes, you have a bigger problem somewhere in the system. Clear it off and call a technician to find out why it’s happening.

If you have a heat pump, clear away grass and leaves from the fins of the outdoor compressor unit. Before heating season starts, hose it down gently from the top to rinse dirt and debris out of the housing.

Thanks to Family Handy Man

Please share your tips and suggestion to check if furnace not working in the comments section below. Rent a brand new High Eff Furnace from morEnergy for $59.95/month and get a GE appliance (Fridge/Stove/Dishwasher) Call us today for more details 1-866-225-7204.

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ImageGarages are notorious for sucking in hot air during warm summer months and cold air in the bitter winter months.

If your garage is attached to your home, it can affect your home heating and cooling efficiency. It can also affect the air quality in your home.

  • With an attached garage, the main thing you want to do is keep the carbon monoxide from your autos, as well as the fumes from any stored materials, from entering your living space.
  • If you keep the fumes out, you help keep the heat and cold out as well.

Start by air sealing

The best place to start is by sealing any and all air leaks between the garage and your living space.

INTERIOR WALLS. Inspect any walls or doors that lead into your home from your garage. You want to use caulking and weatherstripping to seal all cracks, gaps, and spaces that you find. If there is a gap between the garage floor and the wall, be sure to fill that in. You can use the expanding foam type insulation if the gap is too large for caulking.

DOORS. It is extremely important to seal around any door that leads into your home.

EXTERIOR WALLS. Next, you want to seal any and all air leaks on the exterior walls. If the exterior walls have any windows, be sure to caulk and weatherstrip around those as well.

Insulation is next

The next step is to make sure the garage is well insulated.

If you have an older home, there is a good chance that the garage is not as well insulated as the rest of your home.

  • You want enough insulation in the attic above the garage to achieve a reflective value of at least R-30 (10 inches of insulation) or higher.
  • Determining whether your garage walls are insulated properly or not is tough to do by yourself, unless you can remove a piece of sheetrock fairly easily.

A home energy auditor with a “thermal imaging camera” can tell you in a heartbeat whether your walls are insulated. That’s an option you have to decide for yourself, depending on how much time you spend in your garage, and how energy efficient you want to make it.

If you determine the garage walls do need insulation, the easiest way to remedy the situation is by hiring a contractor that does blow-in insulation.

Other energy efficiency tips

Here are some other energy efficiency tips for garages:

  • Use compact fluorescent light bulbs to save on electricity.
  • Use concrete sealant to repair any and all cracks in the floor.
  • Make sure your garage door has a good bottom seal. If yours is worn out, replace it. They are available at most home improvement centers.
  • Consider investing in a garage door insulation kit. There are several to choose from, most range in price from $80 to $160.
  • On hot summer days, wait for the car to cool down before pulling in the garage.
  • On cold winter days, pull it right in.
  • If the hot sun is pouring through any windows, consider installing a solar screen.

Thanks to Green home guide

Please share your views & ideas about how you would like to green your garage in the comments section below.

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